Question 23- what are the function of nucleus ?
Answer- the nucleus play central role in Cellular reproduction the process by which a single cell divide and form 2 new cell. It also so please say a circle part 8, along with the environment, in determining the way the cell will develop and what form it will exhibit at maturity by directing the chemical activities of the cell.
Question 24- right difference between prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells.
1-size of the cell is generally small (1-10 mm)
2- nucleus is absent (nuclear reason or nucleoid is not surrounded by a nuclear membrane)
3- it content single chromosome.
4- nucleus is a best.
5- membrane bound cell organelles are absent.
6- cell division takes place by fision or building.
1-Size of a cell is generally large (5-100 mm)
2- nucleus is present (nuclear material is surrounded by a nuclear membrane)
3- it contain more than one chromosome.
4- nucleus is present.
5- membrane bound cell organelles such as mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum,plastids, golgi apparatus,lysosomes,peroxisome etc are present.
6- cell division occurs by mitotic or meiotic cell division ?
Question 25- write a short note on cytoplasm?
Answer- the cytoplasm is the fluid content inside the plasma membrane. It also contents many e specialised cell organelles perform a specific function for the cell.
Question 26- viruses have any membrane?
Answer- viruses lack any membranes and hence do not show characterstics of life unit they enter a living body and youth itself machinery to multiply.
Question 27- describe the structure of ER ?
Answer- the Endoplasmic reticulum(ER) is a large network of membrane bound tubes and Steels. It looks like long tubules aur round or oblong bag(vesicles). The ER the membrane is similar in structure to the plasma membrane. There are two type of ER- of rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) and smooth Endoplasmic reticulum(SER)
Question 28- describe the function of Endoplasm ?
Answer- there are two type of ER. Rough endoplasmic reticulum(RER) add smooth endoplasmic reticulum when observed under microscope. The RER boks rough because it has ribosomes attached to its surface while SCR doesn’t have the function are-
* the ER sarves as a channel for transportation of materials(proteins between various Organelles)
* RER synthesis protein.
* SER is is involved in the process of detoxification of many poisons are drugs in liver cells.
* SER place an important ROB in the biosynthesis of cholesterol(lipid)
* SER synthesis steroid larmones such as estrogen, testosterone.
* lipids and protein from (s e r) and (r e r) help in building the cell membrane. This is known as membrane biogenesis.
Question 29- describe structure and function of Golgi apparatus ?
Answer- the Golgi apparatus is an organelle present in most aukaryotic cells. It is made up of membrane- bound sacs, and is also called a Golgi body, golgi complex or dictyosome. The job of the Golgi apparatus process and bundle macromolecubes like proteins and lipids as they are synthesized within the cell.
Question 30- describe structure and function of mitochondria?
Answer- mitochondria- turning on the power house. Mitochondria are are known as the the powerhouse of the cell. They are organelles that at like a digestive system mistakes in nutrients, break them down, and create energy rich molecules of the cells. The biochemical process of the cell are known as cellular representation.
Question 31- name the type of plastids and give them function?
Answer- plastids – plastids are double membrane- bound organelles found inside plants and some algae which are primarily e responsible for activities related to making and storing food some of the most common plastids include:-
Question 32- draw chloroplast and describe its structure and function ?
Answer- the chloroplast has an inner and outer membrane with an empty intermediate space in between. Inside the the chloroplast these thylakoids contain the chlorophyle that is necessary for the plant to go to photosynthesis.
Question 33- can you name the oraganelles we have studied that contain their own genetic material?
Answer- mitochondria and plastids are the two organelles that contain their own genetic material. Who this organelles have their own DNA and vibosomes.
Question 34- if the organisation of the the cell is destroyed due to some physical or chemical influence…? What will happen?
Answer- cell is the smallest unit of life which is capable of all living functions. If the the organisation of the cell is is is destroyed due to some physical and chemical influence, then the the ability of the cell to perform all living function such as representation, nutrients, excretion etc would be affected.
Question 35- why are lysosomes known as suicide bags?
Answer- lysosomes are membrane bound vesicular structure that contents powerful digestive enzymes. These enzymes are capable of Breaking Down any foreign food particles or microbes entering the cell. Sometime lysosomes can cause self destruction of a cell by bhai relising these digestive enzymes with in the cells, hence, they are also known as” bridal bags”
Question 1- make a comparison and down ways in in which plant cells are different from animal cells.
* plant cells-
1- plant cell are larger in size.
2- cell wall is present.
3- plastids are present.
4- centrosome is absent.
5- larger vacuoles are present
6- food is stored in the form of stretch.
* animal cell
1- animal cell smaller in size.
2- cell wall is absent.
3- plastids are absent.
4-centriole with centrosome is present.
5-vacuoles are either absent if they present so very small in size.
6- food is stored in the form glyogen.
Question 2- how is prokaryotic cell different from eukaryotic ?
1- generally small insize (1-10)mm (1m = 10m)
2- nucleus is absent nuclear reason for nucleoid is not surrounded by a nuclear membrane.
3- it contains single chromosomes.
4- cell division take place by season 9 or boarding(no mitosis)
* eukaryotic cell
1- generally large in size(5-100)mm
2- nucleus is present
3- it contains more than one chromosome.
4- cell division o byeccurs by mitotic or meiotic cell division.
Question 3- what would happen if the plasma membrane ruptures aur breaksdown?
Answer- plasma membrane is selectively permeable membrane that Surround the cell and allows the entry and exit of selected material of the cell. If it ruptures, the contents of the cell will come in direct contract with the surrounding medium and not only unwanted material will be able to enter freely into the cell. But useful material will also find its way out of the cell easily. This will seriously disrupt the various metabolic activities of the cell and will result in its eminent death.
Question 4- what would happen to the life of a cell if there were golgi apparatus ?
Answer- golgi apartments helps in the parking, storage and transport of substance in the cell. If there were no golgi apparatus then the following thing will happen.
1- the material synthesized bye endoplasmic reticulum would not be carried to the various parts inside and outside the cell.
2- synthesized material could not be stored and modified father as the golgi apparatus the function of storage and modification.
Question 5- which organells is known as the powerhouse of the cell? Why
Answer- mitochondria is called the powerhouse of the cell as it produces energy by oxidizing the food and storing it in the form of ATP. Which is called the energy currency cell. The energy is later used for various activities by the cell.
Question 6- where do the lipids and proteins constituting the cell membrane get synthesised?
Answer- the lipids and proteins constituting the cell membrane are synthesized in the the Endoplasmic reticulum. Lipids are are synthesized in the smooth endoplasmic reticulum and the proteins are synthesized in the ribosomes attached to the rough endoplasmic reticulum.